National Animal Control & Humane Officer Academy (NACHO)

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Certified Animal Control and Cruelty Investigation Training

Code 3 Associates and National Animal Care & Control Association (NACA) work in partnership to deliver a higher standard in animal care and cruelty investigation training. This partnership streamlines and continues to set the standard for the way animal control, law enforcement and humane officers receive training by combining Code 3’s Cruelty Investigators Academy and NACA’s National Animal Control Officer Training Academy.

The National Animal Control & Humane Officer Academy (NACHO) provides law enforcement and animal welfare/animal control personnel with training that equips them with the tools needed, not only for duties in animal control, but also animal cruelty investigations.

The NACHO Academy, consisting of 120 hours total, will provide instruction in most aspects of animal control and animal cruelty investigations. Module A should be taken first, but can be followed by the remaining modules in any order.

Dates and Locations

Module A Topics May Include

  • The Professional & Ethical Officer
  • Dog & Cat Identification
  • Search & Seizure, including Juveniles & Liability
  • Biosecurity & Zoonotic Diseases
  • Rabies & Quarantine
  • Vet Evaluations and Injury Assessment
  • Investigative Report Writing
  • Authority, Laws & Ordinances, Policies & Procedures
  • Interview & Behavior Analysis
  • Animal Capture & Handling
  • Companion Animal Behavior

Module B Topics May Include

  • Photography
  • Animal Fighting
  • Animal Hoarders (with tabletop exercise)
  • Cruelty Scene & Evidence Processing
  • Tense Argument & Confrontation Tactics
  • Basic Nutrition
  • Livestock ID & Behavior
  • Livestock Investigations
  • Case and Trial Preparation
  • Sworn Testimony (Practical)
  • Body Condition Scoring
  • Situational Awareness and Stress Management

Module C Topics May Include

  • Large Scale Impounds
  • Disaster Planning (with tabletop exercise)
  • Illegal Drug Labs
  • Backyard Breeders & Animals For Sale
  • The Cycle of Violence
  • Handling Exotics, Non-traditional Pets & Wildlife
  • Exotic Animal Investigations
  • Practical Scenarios
  • Exotic, Non-traditional Pets & Wildlife Identification
  • Case Studies

Many of the topics included in this academy can be taught as stand-alone courses, please contact us if you are interested.


Upon completion of Modules A, B, and C participants will have nationally recognized dual certification as a Code 3 Associates Certified Animal Cruelty Investigator and a NACA Certified Animal Control Officer. The NACA certification requires successful completion of only Modules A and B.

This academy is taught in partnership with Colorado State University for certification, upon successful completion, students will receive a certificate and are eligible to apply for continuing education credits from Colorado State University. Veterinary professionals may apply to receive CEUs from Colorado State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital.

To become a Code 3 Associates Certified Animal Cruelty Investigator, students may apply previous credits from Code 3’s Cruelty Investigators Academy or from LETI’s National Cruelty Investigations School (only if NCIS training was completed prior to June 2010).

The faculty may include Gary P. Maddox Ph.D., Charlotte J. Robinson D.V.M., Jim Boller, Krista Kurvers, Belinda Lewis M.S., CAWA, Debby MacDonald and Nan M. Stuart.